Catalonia, an open and dynamic economy

Catalonia is a country of Mediterranean Europe, with a GDP of over 200 billion euros and a GDP per capita of more than 28 thousand euros. With an area of 32.106,5 km2, it has a population of 7.5 million inhabitants.



The industrial sector represents 20.2% of GVA. There are some industries that highlight:

food and beverage


chemicals and petroleum refining


metallurgy and manufacture of metal products


transport materials



The branches that have gained more weight in the industrial structure during the last 15 years are: energy, sanitation and waste management, power, chemical industries and pharmaceuticals.

Regarding the agricultural sector it represents 0.9% of total GVA in Catalonia and 3.6% of GVA including the food industry. Final agricultural production stands at around 4,300 million euros, 65.12% corresponding to livestock and 32.07% to agriculture.

The external sector is one of the strong points of the Catalan economy. Catalonia has a high degree of trade openness (a 116.9% of GDP) in line with other small and open economies in Europe.

Catalonia, a large fruit exporter

Fresh fruit is one of Catalonia's main agricultural products in terms of its economic importance, crop surface, relative production significance both in Europe and Spain, and export levels. Catalonia is one of Europe's main production regions for sweet and citrus fruits and the largest in Spain. It is also the world's second biggest producer of peach and nectarine, fifht of pear and the world's twentieth biggest producer of apple.

There are over 50 thousand hectares of land where fruit trees are grown, which produce more than one million tonnes of fruit thanks to a region that is replete with diversity and the mild Mediterranean climate.

Catalonia offers a wide range of fruits with a unique specificity: the integrated production system in place.

It is also a major fruit exporter. Over 80% of all fruit produced in Catalonia is exported to foreign markets and our fruit is sold in European and international chains with the most stringent quality requirements.

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